Over the years, the Government of Nepal (GoN) has shifted its focus from a reactive to a proactive approach for disaster risk management (DRM) and has undertaken efforts in strengthening legal frameworks, policy and planning, organizational aspects, institutional capacities and partnerships for DRM. This include; moving from a disaster response oriented legal framework, National Strategy for Disaster Risk Management (NSDRM 2009), transformation from the National Calamity Relief Act 1982 toward DM Bill (currently in in-depth discussion for endorsement), coordinated work for the improvement of overall DRM capacity through Nepal Risk Reduction Consortium, established focal desk for DRM within line ministries, establishment of national multi-stakeholder platform for DRR, to name a few.
Further, the Government of Nepal committed to the implementation of the new Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 at the Third United Nations World Conference (March 2015) on Disaster Risk Reduction, to enhance efforts to strengthen disaster risk reduction to reduce losses of lives and assets from disasters, increase the capacity for understanding about the disaster risks, strengthen the global cooperation for DRR and establish multi-hazard risk information management (EWS) system for potential disasters worldwide.
Globally, 2015 was marked by various global agenda i.e. Sendai Framework for DRR, Financing for Development, SDGs and COP21. Priorities under each global agenda are mutually reinforcing and guide Nepal to further prioritize for the country’s resilient and sustainable development.
2015 Gorkha earthquake was a catalytic event which costed thousands of lives of people, and economic loss to the country. Major disaster risks remain including the recurrence of similar types of flooding, landslides, droughts, GLOFs as well as earthquakes.
In this context, Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA), Prime Minister’s Office (PMO), NPC together with key line ministries have started preparation toward a new roadmap for post-2015 framework for Nepal to address priorities under Sendai Framework for DRR. Taking into account the experience gained through the implementation of Hyogo Framework for Action:2005-2015/NSDRM, lessons from 2015 Gorkha earthquake, and other existing/emerging initiatives around Climate Change and Sustainable Development Goals, the Government of Nepal has initiated the process for formulation of “National Disaster Risk Reduction Policy and Strategic Action Plan”.
|1||2016-12-09||Inception Report on NDRR Policy and Strategic Action Plan, Nepal 2016-2030||ndrrpsap|
|2||2017-02-10||ToR for Consultancy to support GoN in developing "NDRRP and AP" in Nepal - 2016-2030||ndrrpsap|
|3||2017-01-30||सेन्ढाई कार्य ढाँचामा आधारित नेपाल विपद् जोखिम न्यूनीकरण नीति, रणनीतिक कार्य योजना बनाउने सन्दर्भमा तयार पारीएको विषयगत कार्य समूह तथा विज्ञहरुको कार्य विवरणहरु||ndrrpsap|